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In general the choice of a wood floor is made on the basis of aesthetic criteria (colour, grain, treatments) and the type of use to which the floor will be put.

Before choosing the colour however it is advisable to think about where the floor will be laid and how it will fit into its surround
Something that should not be forgotten is that the ambient humidity and temperature affect the stability of the wood, and perfect hold to a great extent in various climatic/ambient conditions. For this reason it is often wise to choose woods with good stability and medium hardness.

Why choose a wood floor?

Good thermal insulation.
Good acoustic insulation.
Resistance to wear, depending on the intensity of traffic. The floors of the most famous museums and theatres of the world, such as the Louvre in Paris and the National Gallery in London, the La Scala in Milan and the Metropolitan in New York, are made of wood. Furthermore the intrinsic qualities of hardness and elasticity make wood floors preferable for all types of sports facilities: such a sport stadiums, cycle racing tracks and bowling lanes.
Inexpensiveness. Considering its great durability, which also derives from the possibility of easy restoration and repair, a wooden floor definitely offers the maximum amortisation of the initial cost over time compared to any other floor type.
Ease of maintenance. Surface treatments with special products make it possible to keep your floor perfectly clean and in excellent condition with the minimum maintenance.

What are the features of the "multilayer parquet" ?

This parquet consists of a series of wood layers subjected to various processes from calibration to smoothing, working the sides to obtain male/female joints and lastly the painting. It is made up of a top layer, known as the “hardwood layer”, which is the surface of the “multilayer parquet” on which you walk while the lower layers have the task of keeping the floor stable and opposing its natural reaction to ambient conditions. These features make the “prefinished” or “multilayer” parquet ideal in terms of quality and durability and extremely easy and quick to lay.

What are the methods for laying parquet?

There are three laying methods depending on the method of fixing underneath:
Glueing
is absolutely the most used system as the continual evolution of techniques and performance of glues ensures excellent results in the laying of the most common formats and now also those of large dimensions.
Floating
is in effect a variant of the system of laying over a subfloor. The elements of the floor are simply rested on the subfloor which can be of any type. To ensure that they are connected, it is essential that they have male to female joints and a little glue should be applied along the joints when laying the floor. It is essential for the boards to be self-supporting and stable, something obtainable only in multilayer, large size planks and prefinished parquets.
Nailing
is used to fix large strips and blocks having male to female joints and as a rule an overall thickness of more than 18mm. This method is quite expensive since in addition to high labour costs there also has to be a wooden subfloor framework. However, it gives great guarantees of durability and reliability for all solid floors of considerable thickness and large dimensions.

What is the difference between traditional parquet and prefinished parquet?

“Traditional” or “solid wood” parquet floor is a floor made of various elements, all of the same wood species.  Usually the wood thickness varies from 10 to 22 mm. “Prefinished parquet” instead consists of two or more layers of different woods, the most common being spruce and birch. The hardwood layer (the top surface) of the “prefinished parquet” must not be less than 2.5 mm thick.

What is the moisture content of the wood?

There is always a certain amount of water (moisture) in wood, except when it is completely dried, in other words anhydrous, a condition in which all the water has been removed. Whatever the moisture content might be, wood always tends to reach a state of moisture equilibrium with the surrounding environment. The moisture content is a particularly important factor as variations in moisture are responsible for movement of the wood (shrinking, if the wood loses moisture and swelling if it absorbs moisture).
The moisture limit, below which the wood starts to shrink is known as the saturation point of the cell walls and its value is around 30% of the dry weight.
For the sake of clarity, we can say that if the wood retains a moisture content above 30% there are no dimensional changes whereas if it falls below 30% it starts to shrink.

What is the procedure for laying a heated floor screed?

The heating must be switched off at least 5/6 days before laying the floor and the surface temperature of the screed at the time of laying must be about 15/20°C with a maximum ambient humidity of 65%.
The parquet moisture must be checked carefully before laying to make sure that it is not above the maximum values admissible. When laying floating floors, consideration must be given to the thermal resistance of the acoustic insulation layer (about 2.5 mm thick) which is laid below the floor.
When laying with glue it is advisable to start up the heating system for a few days before polishing the parquet as this allows the floor to settle down before filling any gaps.

Choosing Tavar means choosing durable quality products.

The parquet laying geometries .

The laying geometries depend on the shape of the wooden elements. Blocks and elongated elements in general lend themselves to fairly uniform arrangements, such as the “bridge deck laying” in which the strips are laid to form horizontal or diagonal strips, or “ship deck”, which is more irregular.
One of the more linear geometries is the “herringbone”; the smaller blocks produce more complex designs in whichdifferent species, tones and colours of wood are juxtaposed.

Irregular Bridge Deck or Ship Deck or Running laying.

The single elements, even if of different lengths, are laid lengthwise so that they join in completely irregular positions. For this laying geometry there are two procedures:

  • elements parallel to the walls
  • elements arranged diagonally

Bridge Deck laying.

The single elements are laid arranging them lengthwise so that they join with the same centreline or, in any case, in a constant position compared to the elements of the previous row.

Herringbone.

The elements of the herringbone design are rectangular and of the same size. They are laid at an angle of 45 degrees to the walls. This parquet resembles the herringbone from which this laying geometry takes its name.

Hungarian herringbone.

In the Hungarian herringbone laying geometry each single element has two short sides cut at 45 or 60 degrees to the long sides. The procedure for laying is the same as for the herringbone. In this case too, different wood types can be chosen to highlight two areas of the parquet.

Choosing the wood species.

The choice of a wood floor is made on the basis of aesthetic criteria (colour, grain, treatments) and the type of use to which the floor will be put.

Woods can be chosen with more or less accentuated grain, colours of your choosing, matt or glossy finishes, smooth or brushed finishes.

The colour of some woods, such as European or South American woods, changes little over time, whereas African woods (such as Iroko, Doussié, Afrormosia) become darker due to oxidation, a process of colour change caused by exposure to UV light.